Laser output. Many short run posters and flyers are routinely output on colour lasers today. These are capable of producing 4-6 PIXELS (note that I didn't say 'dots') per inch output so that a Photoshop setter high rez of say 12 ppi. Very crisp indeed. But to most eyes most layouts for most viewing situations the difference against a good laser output will not be noticeable. The problem is more flexibility than 'efficiency'. A design anchored to pixels is much more difficult to work with if you start to use it for other pieces. Logos are the classic case but it's for everything else. I mention this because back before laser outputting was even an option it would be heresy to suggest sending all raster files as finals. That production stigma still exists out there. In short if you are absolutely sure it's a one-off job for good laser or plotter-jet then an all - Pshop handoff is okay -- only I've never seen any njob yet that I'd bet the 'one-of' tag to. As far as file size efficiency yes vector based work routinely triumphs but as always beware of exceptions where the opposite can be . Aplex vector map or diagram can be used as a background or cropped to just a fraction of its full size and really chug-chug the outputting device for example. But realistically? File size is hardly ever an issue anymore. And if you know the people running things you might even be able to get them to output that Pshop file so that the layerse through as vectors for example by getting them to convert it to a Pshop PDF (though why you can't do this would be another question). Pro quality print shops will also likely 'tag' your job as unprofessional when they discover they're all raster. That in itself can be risky. In the end the question isn't so much file size or file output efficiency it's design effectiveness. That includes production considerations too of course but it really alles down to is the result working well at getting the attention needed delivering the message strongly and encouraging reader engagement and followthrough on a format that the client is happy with? And happy with in the long run. Be sure to fully ex to the client that any decision to go all raster contains the risk that future use (if any) of the final files may require greater time (costs) to the client than a traditional layout solution would. IOW cover thy butt.
How do lawyers actually make redactions on documents?
As it happens I read an article about (properly) redacting documents this morning. Quoting a substantial portion of It Blacked Out But is it Really Redacted? s There are a number of different ways to do redactions and a variety of effective software tools to choose from to get the job done. Many document editing programs allow a user to draw black boxes over sensitive material to be protected. However oftentimes just drawing the box does not really effectively conceal the sensitive information. In the case of the Manafort filing his defense attorneys failed to flatten the markups they had created. Thus the little black boxes they added were merely like digital pieces of tape on top of the underlying present in the original document. This is why the public including this author was quickly able to uncover the supposed hidden with by simply highlighting the hidden in the Adobe PDF clicking copy and then pasting that into a Word document. When redacting legal documents it is essential to ensure that the original underlying information ispletely removed from the document that is e-filed. There are several methods that can be utilized to achieve this goal. One option consists of going back to the source material deleting sensitive and replacing it with the word REDACTED or similar labeling. Another option is to simply create new scans of redacted material after any black boxes have been added. As long as the boxespletely cover the source material the new scans will be image files without the underlying data that was present in the original. In other words the digital tape will be made permanent. Alternatively users may elect to use a software tool with document markup features to make redactions but it is critical that they take all necessary steps to ensure that the markups are flattened or burned-in thus deleting any source material underneath the black boxes that was present in the original document.